Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Schooling: The Nexus of Research, Practice, and Policy

ISBN : 9780199387656

Stephen T. Russell; Stacey S. Horn
416 Pages
156 x 235 mm
Pub date
Oct 2016
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There has been dramatic social change with respect to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights around the world in the last decade. Yet legal protection and inclusion remain limited for LGBT youth. The context of schooling is especially important-schools remain the primary societal institution to which most youth have access and in which nearly all youth spend some significant portion of their lives. LGBT youth are at risk for some of the greatest difficulties experienced by adolescents, and many of those problems have been traced directly to negative school experiences. Research shows that anti-LGBT school victimization results in poor academic performance and negative school attitudes, mental health, and risk behaviors. New studies have identified characteristics of schools that are associated with inclusion and safety for LGBT students, including practices and policies that are associated with positive school climate and student wellbeing. Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Schooling brings together contributions from a diverse group of researchers, policy analysts, and education advocates from around the world to synthesize the practice and policy implications of research on sexual orientation, gender identity, and schooling. The book is interdisciplinary, as studies of LGBT students and schooling have emerged across disciplines including education, clinical, school, and developmental psychology; sociology; and public health. Included are syntheses of key areas of research; examples of new international models for educational practice; case studies of transformational policy and practice; and specific examples of the nexus of research, practice, and policy. The fundamental goal of this book is to advance social justice related to sexual orientation and gender identity through strengthening the relationship between research, practice, and policy to support LGBT students and schools. It will be of interest to school, developmental, and clinical psychologists, educators and school administrators, and LGBT scholars.


Chapter 1 Introduction: Sexual Orientation, and Gender Identity, and Schooling
Stephen T. Russell and Stacey Horn
Section 1 Victimization, bullying, and harassment in schools: Current research and promising practices
Chapter 2 Understanding and Reducing Bias-Based Harassment and Victimization in Schools
Paul Poteat
Chapter 3 School Safety and Connectedness Matter for More than Educational Outcomes: The Link between School Connectedness and Adolescent Health
Elizabeth Saewyc andYuko Homma
Chapter 4 Disrupting Hetero-/Gender- Normativity: The Role of LGBT Affirmative Supports at School
Neal A. Palmer, Joseph G. Kosciw, Emily A. Greytak, and Madeline J. Boesen
Chapter 5 Supporting LGB/T Youth: Comprehensive School Transformation as Effective Bullying Prevention
Sarah Schriber, Stacey Horn, Christina Peter, L. Boyd Bellinger, and David Fischer
Section 2 Cutting Edge Issues on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Schools
Chapter 6 LGB-Parent Families and the School Context
Abbie E. Goldberg
Chapter 7 Transsexuality and School Education in Brazil
Maria Rita Cesar and Josafa Da Cunha
Chapter 8 The School-to-Prison Pipeline and the Pipeline Population: The Patterns and Practices of Its Production and Dismantling Possibilities
Shannon Snapp and Adela C. Licona
Chapter 9 Inextricably Linked: The Shared Story of Ethnic Studies and LGBTQ-Inclusive Curriculum
Shannon Snapp and Stephen Russell
Section 3 Systemic Models of Change: Global Perspectives
Chapter 10 Teaching about Sexual Diversity and Challenging Homophobia/Transphobia in the South African School System
Finn Reygan
Chapter 11 Sexual and Gender Minorities and Bullying in Japan
Makiko Kasai
Chapter 12 Changing the School Climate: A Critical Examination of the Policies and Strategies Against Homophobia Adopted in the Province of Quebec (Canada)
Line Chamberland and Gabrielle Richards
Section 4 Policy, Organizing, and Advocacy
Chapter 13 Advocacy to Support Gender Identity Development in Schools in the Face of Organized Backlash
David Fischer, L. Boyd Bellinger, Stacey S. Horn, and Shannon L. Sullivan
Chapter 14 The Shifting Political Winds: LGBTQ Students, Educational Policy and Politics, and the Dilemmas Confronting Street Level Bureaucrats
Catherine A. Lugg and Jason Murphy
Chapter 15 Enumerated U.S. State Laws: Evidence from Policy Advocacy
Stephen T. Russell, Stacey Horn, Raymond L. Moody, Amanda Fields, and Elizabeth Tilley
Chapter 16 From 'Dignity' to 'Success': Using strategic communications to change policies and perspectives
Ryan Schwartz and Carolyn Laub
Section 5 The Nexus of Research, Practice, and Policy: Systems of Change
Chapter 17 The Australian context: Turning research into policies, policies into research
Tiffany Jones and Lynne Hillier
Chapter 18 The Use of Research in Policy and Advocacy for Creating Safe Schools for LGBTQ Students
Carolyn Laub and Hilary Burdge
Chapter 19 Sexual Diversity in Spanish Schools
Jose Ignacio Pichardo Galan
Chapter 20 Homophobia, Schooling, and the Italian Context
Salvatore Ioverno, Nicola Nardelli, Roberto Baiocco, Isabella Orfano, and Vittorio Lingiardi
Chapter 21 Synthesis and Recommendations
Stacey Horn and Stephen T. Russell

About the author: 

Stephen T. Russell, PhD, is Priscilla Pond Flawn Regents Professor in Child Development in the Department of Human Development and Family Sciences at the University of Texas at Austin. He studies adolescent development, with an emphasis on adolescent sexuality, LGBT youth, and parent-adolescent relationships.; Stacey S. Horn, PhD, is Professor of Educational and Developmental Psychology and Chair of the Department of Educational Psychology, affiliate faculty member in Community Psychology and Prevention Research, and Program Director for the M.Ed. program in Youth Development at University of Illinois at Chicago. Her current research focuses on issues of sexual prejudice and bias-motivated harassment among adolescents, adolescents' reasoning about peer harassment, as well as LGBT students' experiences in schools and communities.

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