Let's Go Special Pack

The Phonology of English as an International Language: New Models, New Norms, New Goals

ISBN : 9780194421645

Jennifer Jenkins
266 Pages
157 x 235 mm
Pub date
Jul 2000
Oxford Applied Linguistics


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This book advocates a new approach to pronunciation teaching, in which the goal is mutual intelligibility among non-native speakers, rather than imitating native speakers. It will be of interest to all teachers of English as an International Language, especially Business English. It proposes a basic core of phonological teaching, with controversial suggestions for what should be included.


Acknowledgements ; Introduction ; 1. The background: Changing patterns in the use of English ; The historical shift ; Changing ownership; changing terminology ; Appropriate pedagogy for an international language ; The EIL phonological problem: where do we go next? ; 2. The variation problem 1: Inter-speaker variation ; Inter-speaker variation ; Inter-speaker segmental variation and its effects ; Inter-speaker suprasegmental variation and its effects ; 3. The variation problem 2: Intra-speaker variation ; L1 and IL intra-speaker variation: a distinction ; Phonological intra-speaker variation and its effects on interlanguage talk ; 4. Intelligibility in interlanguage talk ; What do we mean by intelligibility? ; Defining intelligibility in interlanguage talk ; Bottom-up and top-down processing ; The role of phonology in ILT: miscommunication in the ILT data ; Intelligibility and the spread of English ; Conclusion ; 5. The role of transfer in determining the phonological core ; The complex process of L1 phonological transfer ; Conclusions: transfer, intelligibility, and teachability ; 6. Pedagogic priorities 1: Identifying the phonological core ; Establishing the Lingua Franca Core ; The origin of the Lingua Franca Core ; Features of the Lingua Franca Core ; Redefining phonological error and correctness for EIL ; 7. Pedagogic priorities 2: Negotiating intelligibility in the ELT classroom ; Accommodation theory and intra-speaker variation in ILT ; Communicative efficiency and interlanguage ; Accommodation and IL repertoire ; Accommodating classrooms ; 8. Proposals for pronunciation teaching for EIL ; An overhaul of pronunciation teaching in English language teacher education ; An overhaul of pronunciation testing ; Radical improvement in the status of 'NNS' EIL pronunciation teachers ; Pronunciation learning for 'native speakers' of English ; Afterword: The future of the phonology of EIL ; Bibliography ; Index

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