The Oxford Handbook of European History, 1914-1945

ISBN : 9780199695669

Nicholas Doumanis
672 Pages
171 x 246 mm
Pub date
May 2016
Oxford Handbooks in History
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The period spanning the two World Wars was unquestionably the most catastrophic in Europe's history. Despite such undeniably progressive developments as the radical expansion of women's suffrage and rising health standards, the era was dominated by political violence and chronic instability. Its symbols were Verdun, Guernica, and Auschwitz. By the end of this dark period, tens of millions of Europeans had been killed and more still had been displaced and permanently traumatized. If the nineteenth century gave Europeans cause to regard the future with a sense of optimism, the early twentieth century had them anticipating the destruction of civilization. The fact that so many revolutions, regime changes, dictatorships, mass killings, and civil wars took place within such a compressed time frame suggests that Europe experienced a general crisis. Indeed in the early 1940s both Charles de Gaulle and Winston Churchill referred to a 'thirty years war'. Why did so many crises rage across the continent from 1914 until the end of the Second World War? Why did the winds of destruction affect some regions more than others? The Oxford Handbook of European History, 1914-1945 reconsiders the most significant features of this calamitous age from a transnational perspective. It demonstrates the degree to which national experiences were intertwined with those of other nations, and how each crisis was implicated in wider regional, continental, and global developments. Readers will find innovative and stimulating chapters on various political, social, and economic subjects by some of the leading scholars working on modern European history today.


Nicholas Doumanis: Introduction: Europe's Age of Catastrophe in Context
Part I: Europe And The First World War
1 Alan Sked: Belle Epoque: Europe before 1914
2 Stefan Goebel: Societies at War, 1914-1918
3 Tammy M. Proctor: Total War: Family, Community, and Identity during the First World War
4 David Priestland: The Left and the Revolutions
5 Matthias Blum and Jari Eloranta: The Economics of Total War and Reconstruction, 1914-1922
Part II: Recasting Europe, C. 1917-1924
6 Alan Sharp: The New Diplomacy and the New Europe, 1916-1922
7 Ryan Gingeras: Nation-states, Minorities, and Refugees, 1914-1923
8 Conan Fischer: Remaking Europe after the First World War
Part III: Interwar Europe And The Wider World
9 Roger Middleton: The Great Depression in Europe
10 Anthony Adamthwaite: 'A Low Dishonest Decade'? War and Peace in the 1930s
11 Matthew G. Stanard: Interwar Crises and Europe's Unfinished Empires
Part IV: Politics, Society, And Ideology Between The Wars
12 Laird Boswell: Rural Society in Crisis
13 Andrea Orzoff: Interwar Democracy and the League of Nations
14 Pamela Radcliff: The Political 'Left' in the Interwar Period, 1924-1939
15 Aristotle Kallis: Fascism and the Right in Interwar Europe
16 Julia Moses: Social Policy, Welfare, and Social Identities, 1900-1950
17 Paul M. Hagenloh: Discipline, Terror, and the State
Part V: Themes
18 Roger D. Markwick and Nicholas Doumanis: The Nationalization of the Masses
19 Mary Vincent: Political Violence and Mass Society: A European Civil War?
20 Dagmar Herzog: European Sexualities in the Age of Total War
21 David W. Ellwood: 'America' and Europe, 1914-1945
22 Marco Duranti: European Integration, Human Rights and Romantic Internationalism
Part VI: Europe And The Second World War
23 Jeremy Land and Jari Eloranta: Wartime Economies, 1939-1945
24 Shelley Baranowski: Axis Imperialism in the Second World War
25 Christoph Mick: Everyday Life in Wartime Europe
26 Mark Roseman: The Holocaust in European History
27 Aviel Roshwald: Europe's Civil Wars, 1941-1949
Part VII: Recasting Europe, Again
28 Alexander V. Prusin: Nation Building and Moving People
29 Martin Thomas: Europe, the War, and the Colonial World
30 Gareth Pritchard: Power Relations during the Transition from Nazi to post-Nazi rule
31 Ben Mercer: The Memory of Europe's Age of Catastrophe, 1914-2014

About the author: 

Nick Doumanis teaches world history at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. His main areas of interest are the Mediterranean world, ethnic coexistence, diaspora networks, migration, popular religion, and Greek popular culture. His most recent book is entitled Before the Nation: Muslim-Christian Coexistence and its Destruction in Late Ottoman Anatolia (2013). He is currently working on two-book length projects: a long diachronic history of the eastern Mediterranean, and a study of Greek migration to Australia after the Second World War.

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