Gatekeepers: The Emergence of World Literature and the 1960s

ISBN : 9780190274146

William Marling
232 Pages
156 x 235 mm
Pub date
May 2016
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The romantic idea of the writer as an isolated genius has been discredited, but there are few empirical studies documenting the role of "gatekeeping" in the literary process. How do friends, agents, editors, translators, small publishers, and reviewers-not to mention the changes in technology and the publishing industry-shape the literary process? This matrix is further complicated when books cross cultural and language barriers, that is, when they become part of World Literature. This study builds on the work of Pierre Bourdieu, Randall Collins, James English and Mark McGurl, describing the multi-layered gatekeeping process in the context of World Literature after the 1960s. It focuses on four case studies: Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Charles Bukowski, Paul Auster and Haruki Murakami. The two American authors achieved remarkable success overseas owing to perspicacious gatekeepers; the two international authors benefited tremendously from well-curated translation into English. Rich in archival materials (correspondence between authors, editors, and translators, and publishing industry analyses), interviews with publishers and translators, and close readings of translations, this study shows how the process and production of literature depends on the larger social forces of a given historical moment. The book also documents the ever-increasing Anglo-centric dictate on the gatekeeping process of World Literature. World Literature, the study argues, is not so much a "republic of letters" as a field of opportunities on which the conversation is partly bracketed by historic events and technological opportunities.


Introduction - Gatekeeping and World Literature
Chapter 1 - Gabriel Garcia Marquez: gatekeepers and prise de position
Chapter 2 - Charles Bukowski and the Entrepreneurs of World Literature
Chapter 3 - Paul Auster: Bootstrapping and foreign exile.
Chapter 4 - Haruki Murakami: the prizes, process, and production of World Literature
Conclusion - Writers, Gatekeepers, Publishing, and History

About the author: 

William Marling is Professor of English at Case Western Reserve University. He is the author of six books and over 50 articles on topics ranging from globalization to modernist poetry and the detective novel.

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