The Expansion of International Society

ISBN : 9780198716860

Hedley Bull; Adam Watson
490 Pages
156 x 234 mm
Pub date
Apr 2016
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This book is a systematic investigation of the origins and nature of the international society of today. The work of a study group of distinguished scholars, it examines comprehensively the expansion of the international society of European states across the rest of the globe, and its subsequent transformation from a society fashioned in Europe and dominated by Europeans into today's global international society of nearly two hundred states, the great majority of which are not European. The first section describes the predominance of the European system in a floodtide of expansion from the sixteenth century onwards, which united the whole world for the first time in a single economic, strategic, and political unit. The process whereby non-European states came to take their place as members of the same society, accepting its rules and institutions, is the subject of the second part; and the third section examines the repudiation of European, Russian, and American domination by states and peoples of the Third World and the consequent movement away from a system based on European hegemony. The last part is concerning with the new international order that has emerged from the ebb tide of European dominance, and focuses on a central question. Has the geographical expansion of international society led to a contradiction of the consensus about common interests, rules, and institutions on which an international society proper must rest? Or can we say that the old European system has been modified and developed in such a way that a new, genuinely universal, and non-hegemonial structure for international relations has taken root? A new foreword by Andrew Hurrell examines the impact of this seminal work and sets its continued contribution in context.


Part 1: European International Society and the Outside World
1 Adam Watson: European International Society and its Expansion
2 Michael Howard: The Military Factor in European Expansion
3 Patrick O'Brien: Europe in the World Economy
4 Adam Watson: Russia and the European States System
5 Michael Donelan: Spain and the Indies
6 David Gillard: British and Russian Relations with Asian Governments in the Nineteenth Century
7 Hedley Bull: European States and African Political Communities
Part II: The Entry of Non-European States into International Society
8 Hedley Bull: The Emergence of a Universal International Society
9 Adam Watson: New States in America
10 Thomas Naff: The Ottoman Empire and the European States System
11 Gerrit W. Gong: China's Entry into International Society
12 Hidemi Suganami: Japan's Entry into International Society
13 Wm. Roger Louis: The Era of the Mandates System and the Non-European World
Part III: The Challenge to Western Dominance
14 Hedley Bull: The Revolt Against the West
15 Peter Lyon: The Emergence of the Third World
16 R.J. Vincent: Racial Equality
17 Coral Bell: China and the International Order
18 Gopal Krishna: India and the International Order: Retreat from Idealism
19 Ali Mazrui: Africa Entrapped: Between the Protestant Ethic and the Legacy of Westphalia
20 James Piscatori: Islam in the International Order
21 Richard Lowenthal: The Soviet Union and the Third World: From Anti-Imperialism to Counter-Imperialism
22 Christopher M. Andrew: France: Adjustment to Change
Part IV: The New International Society
23 Elie Kedourie: A New International Disorder
24 Ian Brownlie: The Expansion of International Society: The Consequences for the Law of Nations
25 Michael Palliser: Diplomacy Today
26 Adda Bozeman: The International Order in a Multicultural World
27 Ronald Dore: Unity and Diversity in Contemporary World Culture

About the author: 

Hedley Bull was Montague Burton Professor of International Relations at Oxford University.; Adam Watson was Visiting Professor at the Center for Advanced Studies, University of Virginia, and formerly of the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

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