ISBN : 9780199463374
Poverty whether as drain theory at the start of the twentieth century or through garibi hatao towards the end of those 100 yearswas the predominant economic, political, and social paradigm within which late colonial, nationalist and post-independence era science policy was constructed. Whether as critics of Indias poverty, or as architects of measures for its eradication, Indias commentators called on a broad framework of science both to diagnose and treat poverty. Yet, when we think of science in India today, this earlier priority of poverty eradication is now hard to find. Poverty eradication as a goal in itself seems to have fallen off Indias scientific agenda almost entirely. What accounts for this? This volume asks: Has the problem of poverty in India been solved? Or, has it become inconvenient alongside the rise of new narratives that frame India as a site of remarkable economic growth? Indeed, has there been a loss of faith in the ability of science to tackle poverty? Together, the essays in this volume explore the broader implications for the new role of science in India: as a driver of economic growth for India, rather than as a solution to the persistence of poverty.
Introduction: Science, Technology and Medicine in India: The problem of poverty
Sarah Hodges and Mohan Rao
Part 1: The quest for improvement
1.Colonial Poverty: Nutrition, disease and the problem of the poor
2.Tubercular Optics: Health, techno-science and the obfuscation of poverty
3.Surveillance for Equity? Poverty, inequality and the anti-politics of family planning
Part 2: Indias Hospitals: For whom?
4.Globalisation and the Health of a Megacity: The case of Mumbai
Ramila Bisht and Altaf Virani
5.Commericalisation and the poverty of public health services in India
6.It all changed after Apollo and other corporate hospital myths
Part 3: National Techno-science and Promising Bodies
7. The Globalization of Reproduction in India: From population control to surrogacy
8. Biotechnology in India: Catalyst for a knowledge era?
9. Stem Cell Research and Experimentation in India: Leveraging hope for global prominence
10. Mainstreaming Indigenous Knowledge: Genealogy of a metaconcept
Notes on Editors and Contributors