The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Iran

ISBN : 9780199733309

D. T. Potts
1064 Pages
181 x 250 mm
Pub date
Aug 2013
Oxford Handbooks in Classics and Ancient History
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Iran's heritage is as varied as it is complex, and the archaeological, philological, and linguisitc scholarship of the region has not been the focus of a a synoptic study for many decades. Thus, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Iran fills a longstanding gap in the literature of the ancient Near East, providing up-to-date, authoritative essays by leading specialists based both inside and outside of Iran on a wide range of topics extending from the earliest Paleolithic settlements in the Pleistocene era to the Islamic conquest in the 7th century AD. The volume is divided into sections covering prehstory, the Chalcolithic, the Bronze Age, the Iron Age, the Achaemenid period, the Seleucid and Arsacid periods, and the Sasanian period, concluding with the Arab conquest of Iran. In addition, more specialized chapters are included that treat numismatics (Elymaean, Arsacid, Persid and Sasanian), religion (the Avesta and Zoroastrianism), languages (proto-Elamite, Elamite, Akkadian, Old Persian, Greek, Aramaic, Parthian and Middle Persian), political ideology, calendrics, textiles, administrative seals and sealing, Sasanian silver and reliefs, and political relations with Rome and Byzantium. No other single volume covers as much of Iran's archaeology and history with the same degree of authority. This work will be of vast interest to a wide range of students and scholars, from archaeologists and art historians to philologists, Classicists, ancient historians, religious historians, and numismatists.


List of abbreviations
Part I. Background and beginnings
1. The history of archaeological research in Iran: A brief survey
Ali Mousavi
2. Key questions regarding the palaeoenvironment of Iran
Matthew D. Jones
3. The Paleolithic of Iran
Nicholas J. Conard, Elham Ghasidian and Saman Heydari-Guran
4. The development and expansion of a Neolithic way of life
Lloyd R. Weeks
Part II. The Chalcolithic period
5. The Chalcolithic of northern Iran
Barbara Helwing
6. The Chalcolithic in the central Zagros
Abbas Moghaddam and Ardashir Javanmardzadeh
7. The Later Village (Chalcolithic) period in Khuzestan
Abbas Moghaddam
8. The Chalcolithic in southern Iran
Cameron A. Petrie
Part III. The Bronze Age
9. The Early Bronze Age in northwestern Iran
Geoffrey D. Summers
10. The Bronze Age in northeastern Iran
Christopher P. Thornton
11. Luristan and the central Zagros in the Bronze Age
D. T. Potts
12. Khuzestan in the Bronze Age
Javier Alvarez-Mon
13. Early writing in Iran
J.L. Dahl
14. The use of Akkadian in Iran
Katrien De Graef
15. Bronze Age Fars
Bernadette McCall
16. Eastern Iran in the Early Bronze Age
Holly Pittman
Part IV. The Iron Age
17. The Late Bronze and Early Iron Age in northwestern Iran
Michael D. Danti
18. Luristan during the Iron Age
Bruno Overlaet
19. The central Alborz region in the Iron Age
Ali Mousavi
20. Linguistic groups in Iran
Ran Zadok
21. Iranian migration
M. Witzel
22. Assyria and the Medes
Karen Radner
23. Elam in the Iron Age
Javier Alvarez-Mon
24. Elam, Assyria, and Babylonia in the early 1st millennium BC
Matt Waters
25. Iron Age southeastern Iran
Peter Magee
Part V. The Achaemenid period
26. Southwestern Iran in the Achaemenid period
Remy Boucharlat
27. Administrative realities: The Persepolis Archives and the archaeology of the Achaemenid heartland
Wouter F.M. Henkelman
28. Avesta and Zoroastrianism under the Achaemenids and early Sasanians
P.O. Skjaervo
29. Royal Achaemenid iconography
Mark B. Garrison
30. Color and gilding in Achaemenid architecture and sculpture
Alexander Nagel
31. Eastern Iran in the Achaemenid period
Bruno Genito
32. Old Persian
Jan Tavernier
33. Greek sources on Achaemenid Iran
Maria Brosius
VI. Seleucid, post-Achaemenid and Arsacid archaeology and history
34. Alexander the Great and the Seleucids in Iran
Paul Kosmin
35. Media, Khuzestan and Fars between the end of the Achaemenids and the rise of the Sasanians
Pierfrancesco Callieri and Alireza Askari Chaverdi
36. Fratarak? and Seleucids
Josef Wiesehofer
37. The Arsacids (Parthians)
Stefan R. Hauser
38. Parthian and Elymaean rock reliefs
Trudy S. Kawami
39. Arsacid, Elymaean and Persid coinage
Khodadad Rezakhani
40. Aramaic, Parthian and Middle Persian
Seiro Haruta
41. The use of Greek in pre-Sasanian Iran
Georges Rougemont
VII. The Sasanian period
42. Sasanian political ideology
M. Rahim Shayegan
43. Sasanian coinage
Nikolaus Schindel
44. Sasanian interactions with Rome and Byzantium
P. Edwell
45. Sasanian rock reliefs
Matthew P. Canepa
46. Kuh-e Khwaja and the religious architecture of Sasanian Iran
Soroor Ghanimati
47. Sasanian administation and sealing practices
Negin Miri
48. Luxury silver vessels of the Sasanian period
Kate Masia-Radford
49. Sasanian textiles
Carol Bier
50. Pre-Islamic Iranian calendrical systems in the context of Iranian religious and scientific history
Antonio Panaino
51. The Islamic conquest of Sasanian Iran
Michael Morony

About the author: 

D. T. Potts is Professor of Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology and History, Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, NYU.

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