The German Roots of Nineteenth-century American Theology

ISBN : 9780199915323

Annette G. Aubert
416 Pages
162 x 242 mm
Pub date
Oct 2013
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The transatlantic relationship between nineteenth-century American Reformed theology and German Protestant thought has largely been neglected in American religious studies. The German Roots of Nineteenth-Century American Theology explores the influence of mediating theology (Vermittlungstheologie) on Reformed thought in the United States. Annette Aubert offers the first detailed examination of German theological influences on Mercersburg's Emanuel Vogel Gerhart (1817-1904) and Princeton's Charles Hodge (1797-1878). Aubert discusses the influences of Ernst Hengstenberg, Friedrich Schleiermacher, and the German mediating theologians, especially in terms of theological method and the doctrine of atonement in light of nineteenth-century modernism and scientific theories. By reassessing Hodge's theological method and Gerhart's significant contributions, she shows how systematic theology, in an age of modern science, could no longer strictly adhere to past definitions of theology and dogmatic works. This book shows how Gerhart and Hodge engaged with the ideas of their German counterparts to articulate theological definitions and methods. Showing that reformed theologians in nineteenth-century America profited enormously from the dogmatic, historical, and biblical works of German scholarship, Aubert's work makes an important contribution to both transatlantic religious and Protestant theological studies.


Introduction: Transatlantic Theology
Part I Intellectual and Theological Transatlantic Contexts
1. Intellectual and Religious Contexts of Nineteenth-Century America and the Transplantation of German Ideas
2. A New Epoch in Theology: Friedrich Schleiermacher
3. Nineteenth-Century Mediating Theology
Part II German Ideas in the American Reformed World
4. Emanuel Vogel Gerhart (1817-1904): Innovative Theological Method and Mediating Theology
5. Gerhart's Organic Atonement Theory and German Theology
6. Charles Hodge (1797-1878): Theological Method, Scientific Theology, and German Theology
7. Hodge's Atonement Theory and German Scholarship
Conclusion: Theological Ideas in Transatlantic Perspective

About the author: 

Annette G. Aubert has a Ph.D. in Historical Theology from Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia and is a lecturer in church history.

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