Research with Diverse Groups: Research Designs and Multivariate Latent Modeling for Equivalence

ISBN : 9780199914364

Antoinette Y. Rogers-Farmer; G. Lawrence Farmer
144 Pages
141 x 209 mm
Pub date
Apr 2014
Pocket Guide to Social Work Research Methods
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Social work researchers often conduct research with groups that are diverse in terms of gender, sexual orientation, race or ethnic background, or age. Consequently, social work researchers must take great care to establish research-design equivalence at all phases of the research process (e.g., problem formulation, research design, sampling, measurement selection, data collection, and data analysis); otherwise, the results might reflect methodological flaws rather than true group differences and therefore lead to erroneous conclusions. This book introduces the methodological precautions that must be taken into consideration when conducting research with diverse groups. Multigroup Confirmatory Analysis (MG-CFA) using structural equation modeling (SEM) was utilized to demonstrate how to assess seven types of measurement and structural equivalence that Milfont and Fischer (2010) have deemed important for studies with diverse samples. A hypothetical example was provided to illustrate how to design a study with good research-design equivalence. A case example was provided to demonstrate how to conduct an MG-CFA for each type of measurement and structural equivalence discussed. The Mplus syntax used to conduct the MG-CFA was provided. The results from the MG-CFA analyses were written up as they would be for publication.


Chapter 1 Introduction
Diversity: Its implications for Establishing Equivalence
The Need to Consider Contextual Factors when Establishing Equivalence
Organization of the Book
Significance for Social Work
Chapter 2 Research-Design Equivalence
Problem Formulation
Research Design
Sampling Equivalence
Measurement Selection
Data Collection
Data Analysis
Summary and Conclusion
Chapter 3 Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis to Establish Measurement and Structural Equivalence
Measurement Equivalence Defined
Overview of Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Testing Measurement Equivalence Across Groups
Distributional Analysis
Baseline Measurement Models
Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Advances in multigroup analysis
Summary and Conclusion
Chapter 4 Hypothetical Case Illustration
Hypothetical Case Illustration
Summary and Conclusion
Chapter 5 Conclusion
Qualitative Methods in Establishing Measurement Equivalence
The Challenge of Conducting Research to Establish Equivalence Using National Datasets
Future Directions
Social Work Doctoral Education
Appendix A Establishing the Base CFA Model Hispanic and African American Males
Appendix B Adjusted Chi-Square Difference Test: Configural Versus Weak Factor Equivalent model
Appendix C Measure equivalence using alternative SEM programs

About the author: 

Dr. Antoinette Y. Farmer is associate professor and associate dean for academic affairs at Rutgers University's School of Social Work. Her research focuses on examining the social and interpersonal factors that affect parenting as well as how parenting practices influence adolescent high risk behaviors, such as delinquency and substance use. She co-edited a special issue of the Journal of Social Service Research, which was devoted to informing researchers of the methodological issues confronting them when conducting research with minority and oppressed populations. She has also written several chapters on this issue as well, with the most recent appearing in the Handbook of Social Work Research Methods (2nd Edition).

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