The Age of Dualization: The Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies

ISBN : 9780199797899

Patrick Emmenegger; Silja Hausermann; Bruno Palier; Martin Seeleib-Kaiser
352 Pages
162 x 237 mm
Pub date
Mar 2012
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Poverty, increased inequality, and social exclusion are back on the political agenda in Western Europe, not only as a consequence of the Great Recession of 2008, but also because of a seemingly structural trend towards increased inequality in advanced industrial societies that has persisted since the 1970s. How can we explain this increase in inequalities? Policies in labor markets, social policy, and political representation are strongly linked in the creation, widening, and deepening of insider-outsider divides-a process known as dualization. While it is certainly not the only driver of increasing inequality, the encompassing nature of its development across multiple domains makes dualization one of the most important current trends affecting developed societies. However, the extent and forms of dualization vary greatly across countries. The comparative perspective of this book provides insights into why Nordic countries witness lower levels of insider-outsider divides, whereas in continental, liberal and southern welfare states, they are more likely to constitute a core characteristic of the political economy. Most importantly, the comparisons presented in this book point to the crucial importance of politics and political choice in driving and shaping the social outcomes of deindustrialization. While increased structural labor market divides can be found across all countries, governments have a strong responsibility in shaping the distributive consequences of these labor market changes. Insider-outsider divides are not a straightforward consequence of deindustrialization, but rather the result of political choice. A landmark publication, this volume is geared for faculty and graduate students of economics, political science, social policy, and sociology, as well as policymakers concerned with increasing inequality in a period of deep economic and social crisis.


Part I: Concept and Measurement
1. How We Grow Unequal
Patrick Emmenegger, Silja Hausermann, Bruno Palier, and Martin Seeleib-Kaiser
2. Varieties of Dualization? Labor Market Segmentation and Insider-Outsider Divides Across Regimes
Silja Hausermann and Hanna Schwander
3. Labor Market Disadvantage and the Experience of Recurrent Poverty
Mark Tomlinson and Robert Walker
Part II: Decomposing Dualization
4. Whatever Works: Dualization and the Service Economy in Bismarckian Welfare States
Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx
5. Dualization and Gender in Social Services: The Role of the State in Germany and France
Daniela Kroos and Karin Gottschall
6. From Dilemma to Dualization: Social and Migration Policies in the 'Reluctant Countries of Immigration
Patrick Emmenegger and Romana Careja
Part III: Varieties of Dualization
7. Shifting the Public-Private Mix: A New Dualization of Welfare
Martin Seeleib-Kaiser, Adam Saunders, and Marek Naczyk
8. Responses to Labor Market Divides in Small States Since the 1990s
Herbert Obinger, Peter Starke, and Alexandra Kaasch
9. Dualization and Institutional Complementarities: Industrial Relations, Labor Market and Welfare State Changes in France and Germany
Bruno Palier and Kathleen Thelen
10. Economic Dualization in Japan and South Korea
Ito Peng
Part IV: The Politics of Dualization
11. Solidarity or Dualization? Social Governance, Union Preferences and Unemployment Benefit Adjustment in Belgium and France
Daniel Clegg
12. Insider-Outsider Politics: Party Strategies and Political Behavior in Sweden
Johannes Lindvall and David Rueda
13. How Rich Countries Cope With Deindustrialization
Patrick Emmenegger, Silja Hausermann, Bruno Palier, and Martin Seeleib-Kaiser

About the author: 

Patrick Emmenegger, PhD, is Associate Professor at the University of Southern Denmark and its Centre for Welfare State Research. Silja Hausermann, PhD, is Assistant Professor at the University of Konstanz. Bruno Palier, PhD, is CNRS Research Professor at Sciences Po, Centre d'etudes europeennes, Paris. Martin Seeleib-Kaiser, PhD, is Professor of Comparative Social Policy and Politics at the Oxford Institute of Social Policy and Fellow of Green Templeton College, University of Oxford.

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