OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, What Really Works (2nd edition)

ISBN : 9780199793518

Price(incl.tax): 
¥14,465
Author: 
David Schmidtz; Elizabeth Willott
Pages
688 Pages
Format
Paperback
Size
196 x 235 mm
Pub date
Nov 2011
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Extensively revised and expanded in this second edition, Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, What Really Works examines morality from an environmental perspective. Featuring seventy-one accessible selections-from classic articles to examples of cutting-edge original research-it addresses both theory and practice. Asking what really matters, the first section of the book explores the abstract ideas of human value and value in nature. The second section turns to the question of what it would take to solve our real-world environmental problems. Moving beyond the "hype," it presents authoritative essays on applying environmental ethics to the issues that matter right now. The book is enhanced by chapter introductions ("Questions for Reflection and Discussion") that offer brief summaries and questions for further analysis and class discussion. NEW TO THIS EDITION * New chapters on climate change, urban management issues, and technology (Chapters 12-14) * Twenty-nine new readings on a wide range of topics, including: * The human relationship with wilderness, the agricultural contradictions of obesity, the roots of the environmental crisis, ecofeminism, and the ethics of ranching * Current practical issues like the costs of tragedy, urban waste management, genetically modified food, nanotechnology, and institutional support (or lack thereof) for environmental activism * "Free Market Environmentalism Pace Environmentalism," by Dan C. Shahar, and "Air Pollution Abatement Strategies," by Tom Fournier, both custom-written for this anthology Ideal for undergraduate courses in environmental ethics, environmental philosophy, and environmental studies, Environmental Ethics, Second Edition, is also a helpful resource for graduate students and professors.

Index: 

*=NEW TO THIS EDITION
Rules, Principles, and Integrity: A General Introduction
PART I. WHAT REALLY MATTERS? ESSAYS ON VALUE IN NATURE
CHAPTER 1. WHERE WE ARE AND HOW WE GOT HERE: THE ROOTS OF CRISIS
1-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Guilt
1-2. Lynn White, Jr., Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis
1-3. J. Baird Callicott Environmental Philosophy Is Environmental Activism: The Most Radical and Effective Kind
* 1-4. Shepard Krech, Pleistocene Extinctions
1-5. Howard F. Lyman with Glen Merzer, Mad Cowboy: The Cattle Rancher Who Won't Eat Meat
* 1-6. Michael Pollan, Agricultural Contradictions of Obesity
* 1-7. Bill McKibben, Deep Economy: The Wealth of Communities and the Durable Future
CHAPTER 2. RESPECT FOR NATURE
2-1a. Introduction: The Last Man and the Search for Objective Value
2-1b. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Respect for Animals
2-2. Peter Singer, All Animals Are Equal
2-3. Mark Sagoff, Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics: Bad Marriage, Quick Divorce
2-4. Holmes Rolston III, Values in and Duties to the Natural World
2-5. Ian Whyte, The Elephant Management Dilemma
2-6. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Respect for Life
2-7. Christopher D. Stone, Should Trees Have Standing
2-8. Gary Varner, Biocentric Individualism
2-9. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Equal Respect
2-10. Paul W. Taylor, The Ethics of Respect for Nature
2-11. David Schmidtz, Are All Species Equal?
CHAPTER 3. HOLISTIC ETHICS
3-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: The Land
3-2. Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic
* 3-3. Arne Naess, The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary
3-4. Elliott Sober, Philosophical Problems for Environmentalism
3-5. Ramachandra Guha, Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique
CHAPTER 4. ECOFEMINISM
4-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Three Models of Oppression
4-2. Kristen Hessler and Elizabeth Willott, Feminism and Ecofeminism
4-3. Karen J. Warren, The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism
* 4-4. Greta Gaard and Lori Gruen, Ecofeminism: Global Justice and Planetary Health
4-5. Gita Sen, Women, Poverty, and Population: Issues for the Concerned Environmentalist
4-6. V. Rukmini Rao, Women Farmers of India's Deccan Plateau
CHAPTER 5. ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
5-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Justice to Win
* 5-2. Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy
* 5-3. Vandana Shiva, Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution, and Profit
5-4. David Schmidtz, Natural Enemies: An Anatomy of Environmental Conflict
CHAPTER 6. HOW WILD DOES NATURE HAVE TO BE?
6-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: An Allegory
* 6-2. John Muir, Hetch Hetchy Valley
6-3. Martin H. Krieger, What's Wrong with Plastic Trees?
* 6-4. Elizabeth Willott, Restoring Nature, Without Mosquitoes?
* 6-5. David Pitcher and Jennifer Welchman, Can an Environmental Paradise be Regained? The Hetch Hetchy Valley Question
CHAPTER 7. FINDING OUR PLACE IN NATURE
7-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Dominating Nature
* 7-2. Val Plumwood, Being Prey
7-3. Freya Mathews, Letting the World Grow Old: An Ethos of Countermodernity
* 7-4. Michelle Nijhuis, Bonfire of the Superweeds
7-5a. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Learning to Belong
* 7-5. Ronald Sandler, Environmental Virtue Ethics
7-6. Thomas E. Hill Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments
7-7. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: The Simple Life"
7-8. Mark Sagoff, Do We Consume Too Much?
* 7-9. Joshua Colt Gambrel and Philip Cafaro, The Virtue of Simplicity
* 7-10. Paul Schwennesen, On the Ethics of Ranching
PART II. WHAT REALLY WORKS? ESSAYS ON HUMAN ECOLOGY
CHAPTER 8. WEIGHING OUR OPTIONS
8-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Optimal Pollution
8-2. Steven Kelman, Cost-Benefit Analysis: An Ethical Critique
8-3. Andrew Brennan, Moral Pluralism and the Environment
* 8-4. Martha Nussbaum, The Costs of Tragedy: Some Moral Limits of Cost-Benefit Analysis
8-5. David Schmidtz, A Place for Cost-Benefit Analysis
CHAPTER 9. SUSTAINABILITY
9-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: The Logic of the Commons
9-2. Garrett Hardin, The Tragedy of the Commons
9-3. David Schmidtz, The Institution of Property
* 9-4. Carol M. Rose, Liberty, Property, Environmentalism
* 9-5. Dan C. Shahar, Free-Market Environmentalism pace Environmentalism?
CHAPTER 10. WHAT IT TAKES TO PRESERVE WILDERNESS
10-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: South Africa
10-2. David Schmidtz, When Preservationism Doesn't Preserve
* 10-3. David Schmidtz and Elizabeth Willott, Reinventing the Commons: An African Case Study
* 10-4. Lynn Scarlett, Choices, Consequences, and Cooperative Conservation
CHAPTER 11. OVERPOPULATION AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT
11-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: The Population Bomb
11-2. Peter Singer, Famine, Affluence, and Morality
11-3. Garrett Hardin, Living on a Lifeboat
11-4. Holmes Rolston, III, Feeding People Versus Saving Nature
11-5. Henry Shue, Global Environment and International Inequality
11-6. Elizabeth Willott, Recent Population Trends
CHAPTER 12. CLIMATE CHANGE AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT
12-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Handing Down a Warmer World
* 12-2. Dale Jamieson, Ethics, Public Policy, and Global Warming
* 12-3. Stephen Gardiner, A Perfect Moral Storm: Climate Change, Intergenerational Ethics and the Problem of Corruption
* 12-4. Andrew Light, Climate Ethics for Climate Action
* 12-5. John Christy, Testimony, U.S. House Ways and Means Committee
CHAPTER 13. CITIES AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT THEM
13-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Taking Scarcity Seriously
13-2. Jessica Woolliams, Designing Cities and Buildings as if They Were Ethical Choices
13-3. Lynn Scarlett, Making Waste Management Pay
13-4. Robert Glennon, Unquenchable: America's Water Crisis and What to Do About It
* 13-5. Garland Cox, Energy
* 13-6. Tom Fournier, Air Pollution Abatement Strategies
CHAPTER 14. TECHNOLOGY AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT
14-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Innovation and Risk Management
* 14-2. Gary Comstock, Ethics and Genetically Modified Foods
* 14-3. Paul Thompson and William Hannah, Novel and Normal Risk: Where Does Nanotechnology Fit In?
* 14-4. Joshua Colt Gambrel, Virtue Theory and Genetically Modified Crops
CHAPTER 15. ENVIRONMENTALISM IN PRACTICE
15-1. Questions for Reflection and Discussion: The Ethics of Confrontation
15-2. Bryan G. Norton, The Environmentalists' Dilemma: Dollars and Sand Dollars
15-3. Bryan G. Norton, Fragile Freedoms
15-4. Paul Watson, Tora! Tora! Tora!
15-5. Kate Rawles, The Missing Shade of Green
15-6. Andrew Light, Taking Environmental Ethics Public

About the author: 

David Schmidtz is Kendrick Professor of Philosophy and joint Professor of Economics at the University of Arizona. He is the author of Person, Polis, Planet (2008), Elements of Justice (2006), and Rational Choice and Moral Agency (1995), and coauthor of A Brief History of Liberty (2010). Elizabeth Willott is a Principal Research Specialist in the School of Geography and Development at the University of Arizona, where she is a primary investigator on a National Science Foundation grant researching mosquito ecology in Tucson. She is also Curator of Butterfly Magic at Tucson Botanical Gardens, where she oversees the running of the butterfly display and education relative to it.

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